Car batteries filled with distilled water (flooded lead-acid type)
Car batteries using lead-antimony plates need frequent watering to
replace water lost due to electrolysis on each charge cycle. By changing
calcium alloy and modern design and low moisture loss, unless
overcharging. The modern car batteries to reduce maintenance
requirements, and may not be able to provide a maximum of water added to
the cells. The additional battery with the power plate, to allow the loss
of life of the battery during the here above. If the battery is easily
removable ceiling, then there will be a need to increase from time to time
with distilled water balance. Overcharging for a long time or shipping
high voltage causes some of the water and electrolyte into hydrogen and
oxygen gas, to escape from the cell, which is called the gas. If the
liquid electrolyte level drops too low, the plate is exposed to the air,
and the loss of capability, and damage. Sulfuric acid batteries generally
do not need to be replaced, because it does not consume even overcharging.
Impurities or additives in the water, in order to reduce the age and
performance of the battery. The manufacturer usually recommends to use
deionized or distilled water, where they can take advantage of the safety
of drinking water containing a high concentration of minerals.
Charging and discharging
Conventional car service vehicle charging system power electric
vehicle system and restore the rechargeable battery, the engine is
started. When you install a new battery or a rechargeable battery
is fully discharged, and can be used in several different ways to charge
him careless. Is known as the most gentle meager shipping. Other methods
include slow boat and fast boats, while the latter is the most serious.
The voltage regulator system to charge non-rechargeable batteries
provide power and traffic load on the measurement of the relative current.
The system offers a fixed charge based on the voltage V 13.8 14.4 usually
(volts), adjusted to the ambient temperature, unless the generator is in
the boundary. Battery charging, high current is generally 20 to 40 (mA) A.
He also accused the general charge current, battery power will be reduced
to 2-5 mA. A high load, the number of high-energy ignition system,
radiator fan, heater blowers, lights and entertainment systems, such as at
the same time. In the old car (read: 80 and earlier versions) may shorten
the battery voltage, load only when the engine is running at the top of
the flow enough RPM idle and alternator / generator to provide
electricity. This is not a problem, Hyundai Motor generators provide
enough current to voltage checks, load and cargo organizers reserved. In
the car turn battery voltage - the test showed that near-normal voltage,
regardless of the headlights / AC / music / van / defroster / other
electrical loads, even at idle.
including a built-in proportion, to show the state of charge of the
battery, transparent tube, the float is immersed in the electrolyte,
visible through the window. When the battery is being charged, and the
increase of the specific gravity of the electrolyte in the window (because
all of the sulfate ions present in the electrolyte, rather than side to
side with the painting), and the upper portion of the coated float is
visible. When the exemption, or from the battery electrolyte level is too
low, the banks and floating window displayed in yellow (or black). The
proportion of built-in check only responsible for a single cell status,
without error in the other cells. The battery can not and a hydrometer or
handheld sealed check every cell.
A positive cable connector (red) is connected to the battery to sustain.
Optional visible folder window proportion of a single bird. (Black is not
a negative clamp jumper)
Emergency to move from another car battery or portable battery
Whenever automotive systems
is not enough charges the battery is fully charged, the charger can be
used. Not a simple commodity specifications current charge, reduce or stop
the charging current to prevent the battery from excessive use of
chemical weapons against the process of user needs. Charger in more
detail, in particular the embodiment of official 3 - step, also known as
IUoU, fully and safely charge the battery in a very short time, without
user intervention. The desulfated transport commercially ship all types of
The battery lasts longer when stored in the charging state. Leave the car
to shorten battery life, making it impossible to use, if left for a long
period of time (usually several years), sulfuric acid eventually become
irreversible normal transport. Can monitor the battery regularly accused
of, or attached to the charger to "float" to retain their function. One
method is to use an inexpensive process timer for 30 minutes, 24 hours a
day-shift charger. Battery charging and cleaning deposits Reviews. Battery
stored in a cool, dry environment to get the best results, because of the
high temperature increases the self-discharge rate and erosion panel.
When you replace the battery, the battery manufacturer's recommended cut
all contact with negative ground, in order to prevent accidental
short-circuit the battery terminals with the car frame. In contrast to the
positive electrode cable. The study estimated that the National
Association of road traffic safety, in the United States in 1994 and
injured more than 2,000 people, and he is working with car batteries.
Filling the most
appropriate factory in the electrolyte solution, transported to the
retailer willing to sell the automotive lead-acid batteries. Decades ago,
this is not the case. Full battery, usually at the time of purchase,
retailers and battery charging. This process is time consuming and
Sulfated, and electrolyte slowly deteriorate and lead-acid battery
storage. The car battery is encrypted to ensure installation within a
year. In the United States, the production date is printed on the sticker.
The history of the text, or use the alphanumeric code. The first character
is the the character determines month (A for January, B for February, and
so on). to skip the letter "I", because it can be mistaken by number 1.
The second character is a number one, this is the first registration (for
example, 2006). When you install the battery for the first time to buy
"top responsible for freight vehicles (for the auto parts store) to extend
the battery life of low interest rates and reduce system load and the
external battery charger.
Common errors including
Reduce cell, because of the separation between the failure of the positive
electrode and the negative electrode plate
Reduced due to the accumulation of material or multiple cells shed panel
below the cell plate
Internal communications interrupted due to corrosion
Crushing plate, due to vibration and corrosion
Low level, the electrolyte
Cracks or the case of breakage,
Sulfation long neglected
the case of very low or zero, the defendant
The corrosion of the battery terminals to prevent the car starter since
the resistor. Sometimes found white powder on the battery terminals,
usually lead sulfate is toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin contact.
The erosion caused by the the imperfect plastic seal between the case,
resulting in the last cell of the battery, the functional response of the
sulfuric acid with the lead battery.
Sulfuric acid when the battery is not fully charged. Harder and longer
stay in the uninstall is to overcome sulfated case. Can overcome this
slow, low charging current (trickle). The sulfation is formed on a large,
flat plate of non-conductive lead sulfate crystals; lead sulfate formed in
each part of the session, but to block current through the electrolyte in
the case of large crystals exemption.
The basic wear mechanisms of shedding of active material from the cell
panel, it is accumulated in the cells of the lower end portion of a
circuit board may be short circuited.
Can sometimes can be repaired in the early automotive battery
removal and replacement of joint damage, board-to-board connection and
other aspects of the reform. Modern battery case is not conducive to the
reform of the internal fault generally require replacement of the entire
Car battery after explosion
Overcharge any lead-acid battery system, producing hydrogen gas (gas -
voltage) by the electrolysis of water (> 14.34 V). If the average price
increase is very small, and the slot, so that each cell, in order to
eliminate the gas. However, the prices rise or ventilation is inadequate
or faulty battery, you can stay in the box, the battery or battery pack
concentration of flammable hydrogen gas. Hydrogen and oxygen can cause
sparks internal explosion, otherwise it will damage the battery and its
surrounding areas will be scattered in the surrounding area of acid.
Anyone injured near the battery.
The outcome of severe
swelling of the battery in some cases, when accompanied hot, which usually
indicates the failure of the car's charging system. Will reverse the
positive and negative of the damage to the battery. When the to severely
overcharge, and a lead-acid battery in the heart of the battery to produce
high levels of hydrogen and the exhaust system can not handle the gas with
a high level, so to create a pressure inside the battery, resulting in the
outcome of the swellable. Generator can quickly destroy unstable
battery voltage overload. A swollen, hot battery is dangerous.
Another possible cause of
the explosion, when the battery terminal is short-circuited, a very low
resistance path (such as a wrench or other tool or lying cross station).
Addition to the spark, which usually occurs in a very short circuit, and
heated to boil due to the internal resistance of the battery lead of the
electric power, this also results in a water vapor pressure (The contents
of the explosion caused by the electrolysis) the accumulation.
Moreover, it should be
regarded as a car battery to wear protective equipment (goggles,
overalls, gloves, etc.) to avoid injured acid leakage. Any open flame or
spark appliances, including tobacco products, such as cigars lit cigarette
or pipe, now is also the danger of flammable hydrogen gas it emits battery
(and this is why, when charging the battery in the car or hop start, which
is always cable the negative charger or connected to another and another
way battery jump to the negative battery terminal positive away from the
battery to the engine or frame on the ground, and additional always to
complete the circuit only after the cable positive connection (and to
remove in reverse order, and any cable is a negative of the first frame or
engine, to break the circle, and then the positive battery cable) - In
this form, any sparks that may occur the occurrence of a point of the
distance of the cable is connected to the negative, from the battery and
gas explosion farthest site, the spark does not occur, because the circuit
is no longer complete, when the cable is connected to or away from the
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